5G Security Challenges
Posted in Cyber Security

5G Security Challenges: What They Are and How to Solve Them

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5G Security Challenges

By AMSAT Nov 11,2022

5G Security Challenges: What They Are and How to Solve Them

5G is the newest mobile data transmission standard. While it will help improve speeds, it will also enable new cutting-edge forms of data transmission that were unheard of earlier. In order for businesses to benefit from 5G, a more fundamental readjustment must occur rather than merely looking to the technology for faster downloads.


This blog will discuss how 5G will change our way of communication, what industries it will affect, and how to get ready for (and protect against) any future security threats.

What 5G Will Do to Communication

Although not all at once, 5G will make communications between devices faster, significantly more scalable, and have much reduced latency. In general, 5G uses the low, mid, and high frequency bands. Low-bandwidth wireless communication gives slow but wide coverage, making it perfect for rural locations.

Mid-bandwidth, also known as eMBB, or enhanced mobile broadband, offers faster connectivity speeds than 4G at close range. This is suitable for the majority of electronic devices used by business personnel. Moreover, mMTC, or huge machine-type communications, is made possible by mid-bandwidth connectivity. As a result, a large number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices can rely on 5G in a small area without taxing the network’s infrastructure.

The most intriguing element that 5G brings about is probably high-bandwidth connectivity. This makes ultra-reliable, low-latency communications possible. In addition to enabling speedy communication between self-driving cars, this type of connection’s exceptionally low latency can enable remote procedures for medical experts who previously could not rely on mobile technology.

The Effects of 5G on Business

Faster data speeds will be beneficial for every company, but there are several particular industries where 5G will have a dramatic impact. Everyone working in these fields has to be aware of 5G’s potential as soon as possible so they can put it into practice.


5G will immediately have an impact on industries that rely on field employees executing remote operations for extended periods of time. Faster data rates will enable quicker communication between employees and management, enhancing the productivity and safety of frontline personnel. Roles in the field service sector like repair technicians and sectors like manufacturing that rely on physically demanding warehouse work may be impacted by this.


The healthcare industry will be particularly transformed by low latency. Surgeons should be able to do surgery remotely with no loss of control once they have access to low-latency 8K video feeds of a surgical site, equivalent to in-person surgeries. Additionally, 5G will provide a smoother and faster connection for any of the millions of patients who have used telehealth services throughout the pandemic, ensuring that visits go as planned.


High-bandwidth cell towers will change the transportation industry despite having a very small coverage area. Through the usage of URLLC, self-driving cars may quickly transmit and receive information from other vehicles, making their use safer than before.

Challenges of 5G Technology for Security

The advantages that 5G offers inevitably come with a few major security issues. For instance, since more data is transmitted in a given length of time on 5G networks, data exfiltration attempts by thieves are more lucrative. Because employees who have full control over their devices can download malware more quickly than before, organizations have no room for careless device use.

Connection stability is a necessity as low-latency communications grow more and more important. In the case of surgery or remote driving, URLLC interruption (either intentional or accidental) could be fatal.


Businesses may automate numerous crucial operations as more and more gadgets communicate with one another. Automation, however, makes existing organizational weaknesses worse. Automation eliminates the possibility that someone will detect a significant problem while on the job in person if an organization has “blind spots” that no one is responsible for resolving.


The majority of businesses implementing 5G will also require a sizable amount of new hardware. The vast amount of equipment needed will make this a logistical difficulty because it will take a while to put everything up. This may lead to casual errors that are difficult to spot after the fact, and these oversights may later result in significant problems.


Additionally, a lot of networks are currently switching from 4G to 5G. As a result, for as long as the upgrade process takes, 4G network vulnerabilities will persist in 5G networks.

How to Address 5G Security Issues

The new technology doesn’t fundamentally alter what companies must do to safeguard their assets, but it significantly reduces the margin for mistake and raises the costs of failure. No matter if a gadget uses 4G or 5G, it’s crucial to limit what users may do with company-owned devices. Additionally, it’s crucial to conduct a proof-of-concept before introducing a large number of IoT devices into an office.


Additionally, you must examine the people infrastructure of your business because organizational “blind spots” are a bad actor’s fantasy when it comes to data exfiltration and similar activities. Considering that 4G-related vulnerabilities may still affect older systems and networks, you should keep an eye on them.


It’s critical to manage 5G devices in this way as soon as they are compatible with mobile device management software in order to keep them secure. You should choose a device management system that can scale with your organization’s needs in order to protect the devices that will make use of 5G technology. You should seek out a solution that places a strong emphasis on IoT management in particular.


Although it can be upsetting, be aware that if your company is located in a remote region, 5G coverage might not be very good. It’s crucial to adjust your expectations in accordance with the level of 5G access you’re going to receive.


It’s critical to realize that 5G represents an important change for many businesses rather than merely an incremental improvement. Companies can position themselves to become industry leaders in this era by investing the time in securing 5G infrastructures.


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    3 Serious Data Breaches That Could Have Been Avoided
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    3 Big Data Breaches That Could Have Been Avoided

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    3 Serious Data Breaches That Could Have Been Avoided

    By AMSAT Nov 4,2022

    3 Big Data Breaches That Could Have Been Avoided

    According to The Cyber Incident & Breach Trends Report, a greater emphasis on cybersecurity principles could reduce the number of preventable accidents, which can be brought on by anything from wrongly setup servers to human mistake. Unfortunately, even the biggest businesses and authorities commit these easy errors.


    Let’s examine three major data breaches that could have been avoided if the proper security measures had been in place.

    Facebook’s Data Breach

    In the beginning of 2018, Facebook improperly shared data from more than 80 million users with the political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica. The company used the data for political advertising and other purposes without getting the users’ permission.


    This is Your Digital Life, an app produced by Cambridge Analytica, established an informed consent procedure for study. About 300,000 Facebook app users consented to participate in a poll for solely academic purposes. Due to a bug in Facebook’s technology, the app was able to gather data on the users’ followers without getting their consent.


    To generate a psychographic profile, Cambridge Analytica gathered information from the user’s public profile, page likes, birthday, current city, news feed, timeline, and messages. Utilizing these profiles, the business decided what form of advertising would be most successful in convincing a specific person in a certain place to vote a certain way.


    If Facebook had better managed the access rights it granted to outside apps, it might have been able to stop the security breach. For instance, it might have restricted the collection of data to the roughly 300,000 Facebook users who opted in to do so rather than the millions who opted out but still had their data shared.


    Even though not all businesses function as platforms like Facebook, many do connect with outside parties who have access to their data. Make sure that only the data that has been agreed upon is accessible to third parties, and stop sharing data when it is no longer necessary. This includes managing outside contractors who could occasionally have access to particular databases.

    Baltimore’s Data Breach

    In May 2019, a ransomware attack on the City of Baltimore shut down its voicemail, email, and other crucial systems that its residents depend on on a daily basis.


    The attackers encrypted the data on the compromised systems using the well-known ransomware tool RobbinHood, which analyses computer systems for weaknesses, such as holes in protocols used to enable remote access to machines. The hackers sought around $100,000 in Bitcoin for the key to unlock the data in a ransom note sent over the internet.


    To restore systems and make up for lost or delayed revenue, Baltimore believes that the ransomware attack would cost the city at least $18 million. In addition to Baltimore, at least 46 ransomware assaults occurred in 2018 and at least 24 ransomware attacks occurred in 2019. Between Atlanta, Georgia, and Greenville, North Carolina, these attacks have targeted U.S. cities.


    Even if not all ransomware attacks may be stopped, risks can be significantly reduced by following cybersecurity best practices. While content scanning and filtering for mail servers and networks can stop one frequent attack vector, anti-virus, anti-malware, and firewall solutions can also spot threats and close security holes.


    Encrypting data and keeping secure cloud backups can significantly reduce the effects of a ransomware attack. Everything may be deleted from a computer after a ransomware attack, vulnerabilities can be corrected, and lost data can be recovered in a matter of minutes. Consumer data is not at risk of exposure, and data recovery is not cost-prohibitive.

    Equifax’s Data Breach

    In September 2017, a data breach at Equifax, one of the biggest credit scoring companies in the world, exposed about 150 million client records.


    The company had subpar security methods and regulations, and its systems were outdated, according to a House Oversight Committee investigation. For instance, months before to the hack, Homeland Security had warned the corporation about a known weakness in Apache Struts, a popular open-source web server.


    The attackers opened a web shell on the server using this flaw and held onto it for more than two months. The attackers accessed roughly 50 distinct databases that held unencrypted consumer credit data using more than 9,000 searches on 265 different occasions after discovering an unencrypted file with many passwords.


    To make matters worse, the organization was unaware of the data breach because the network traffic monitoring device had been dormant for 19 months as a result of a security certificate that had expired. The organization discovered the unusual online traffic right away after updating the certificate, indicating that the presence of a network monitoring solution might have prevented the incident.


    A simple security patch to fix a known vulnerability could have stopped the entire attack, but there were at least two other measures to reduce the severity of the data loss. To ensure that the sensitive data was protected, the company ought to have encrypted all of its customer records and kept up its network monitoring system.

    The Bottom Line

    As more people and devices are connected to the Internet, data breaches are taking place more frequently. Even if not all data breaches can be avoided, the majority of them can be, and recovering from one doesn’t always have to be expensive. There are easy steps you can take to defend your company against ha


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      10 Ways to Boost Data Protection
      Posted in Data Protection

      10 Ways to Boost Data Protection

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      10 Ways to Boost Data Protection

      By AMSAT Sep 23,2022

      10 Ways to Boost Data Protection

      Security lapses at renowned companies around the world make the news on a daily basis. These attacks show the vulnerability of data and weakness of security measures adopted by companies of varying sizes. The health of your company as a whole depends on the security of your data. Your financial information, employment data, and trade secrets all require protection. If your security were breached, you might lose money and tarnish your reputation. There are steps, however, that you may take to prevent being in the headlines.

      Why is data privacy important?

      Based on the sensitivity and value of the data, data privacy is a set of rules for how it should be acquired or managed. Personal health information (PHI) and personally identifiable information (PII) are often covered by data privacy laws, which include data about finances, health, social security or ID numbers, names, dates of birth, and contact details.


      All sensitive information that businesses handle, including that of their clients, shareholders, and workers, is subject to data privacy concerns. This data frequently has a crucial impact on corporate development, operations, and finances.


      Data privacy helps ensure that sensitive data is only accessible to approved parties. It prevents criminals from being able to maliciously use data and helps ensure that organizations meet regulatory requirements.

      How to Improve Data Security: Some Tips

      You may tighten the protection around your data by using the following suggestions.

      1. Be focused on insider threats

      Since external threats are frequently depicted as the biggest and most expensive ones in news and television, it’s simple to visualize them. The truth is that your insiders have the most potential to harm you. Insider attacks can be challenging to identify and stop due to their nature. It might be as easy as a worker opening an email attachment they think is from a reliable source and activating a ransomware worm. Threats of this nature are the most frequent and expensive worldwide.

      2. Secure the actual data, not simply the perimeter

      With approximately 90% of security resources going toward firewall technology, it appears that many firms are focusing on protecting the walls around their data. However, there are countless potential workarounds for firewalls, including through clients, partners, and staff. These individuals can all get beyond external cybersecurity and abuse sensitive data. Because of this, you must make sure that your security efforts are concentrated on the data itself rather than just the perimeter.

      3. Secure every device

      More and more people in today’s modern world prefer to work on their personal or mobile devices. How can you be certain that these tools are reliable? Ensure that all data is encrypted before storing it and that it stays encrypted across migrations.

      4. Delete superfluous data

      Sensitive information is a crucial component of the operations of many businesses, particularly those in the healthcare, finance, public sector, and education. Having information disposal procedures in place helps stop outdated data from being lost or stolen later on. It will be much easier to prevent your staff from storing redundant data if you have a procedure in place for destroying, deleting, or otherwise altering it to make it unreadable.

      5. Test your security

      If you believe that putting antivirus software on every computer or device can shield your business from threats, you must be mistaken. Hiring a reputable company to undertake a security assessment will always find vulnerabilities you weren’t expecting, as previous data breaches have demonstrated. You should stroll across your workplace and inspect the desks of your coworkers. If you look closely enough, you can easily find a sticky note with a password scrawled on it.

      6. Create strong passwords

      Many businesses continue to have loose password standards, which results in basic, generic, and hackable passwords for important accounts that have access to sensitive and priceless data. The first step you can do to improve your security in this area is to implement strong passwords. Use passwords that are moderately complex and update them at least every 90 days. Passwords like “12345” or “Admin1” should never be used. Never write down your passwords and leave them on your computer where others could discover them.

      7. Commit more money and time to cybersecurity

      Since data security continues to be the biggest risk to your IT infrastructure, many CIOs have acknowledged that investing more time and money in it is essential. With the recognition that cybersecurity must be a crucial component of all business processes, many large corporations with critical corporate data to protect are employing chief security officers, frequently to board level roles.

      8. Update your programs

      You should ensure that your machine has the latest updates and patches. The most current update to your security software determines how effective they are. It is important to update these programs frequently because hackers and ransomware strains are continually adapting to exploit flaws in older software versions.

      9. Regularly back up your data

      This ought to be a key component of your IT security plan by now. You can survive anything, from an accidental file deletion to a full ransomware lockdown, if you have secure backups in place. Backup data should be kept in a safe location that is remote from your main place of business as a security best practise.

      10. Educate everyone in the company about security

      Everyone who has a username and password is in charge of maintaining data security. Managers and staff must be routinely reminded by IT administrators not to divulge logon information to any outside party. Everyone has a role in data security; it is not simply the responsibility of the IT team.


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        Posted in Cloud Security

        5 Different Risks to Cloud Security

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        5 Different Risks to Cloud Security

        By AMSAT Sep 16,2022

        5 Different Risks to Cloud Security

        Over the past few years, especially in the aftermath of the epidemic, cloud usage has grown tremendously. However, given a surge in cloud adoption, threat actors concentrated their efforts on attacking common cloud vulnerabilities.


        Since the cloud isn’t going anywhere, businesses must make sure they do their bit to maintain a secure cloud environment as the threat landscape changes in order to protect themselves, their clients, and their supply chain from cyberattack.


        To that end, the top five vulnerabilities that threaten cloud users are as follows:

        1. Misconfigured Settings

        Misconfigured settings are frequently the root of cloud data breaches, and 68% of businesses now see this as their top worry for cloud security.


        Because cloud services are intended to speed up and simplify processes, access to data may not be as tightly controlled as it should be. And this might allow for unwanted access in many different ways.


        While working with a cloud provider, some people could believe that the cloud provider is responsible for all aspects of your security. Configuration will, however, frequently depend on the company.


        This calls for the IT department of your firm to evaluate all the settings and permissions and make sure that all necessary security measures are taken. This entails limiting access, using multi-factor authentication (MFA), and utilizing any available logging and monitoring tools since they can assist you in keeping tabs on and controlling what’s happening.


        It’s also a good idea to frequently review your cloud audits to make sure there haven’t been any suspicious or unusual activities related to incorrectly setup settings.

        2. Poor Data Quality Management

        When your data is stored on the cloud, it might be more difficult to keep track of it all. For this reason, it’s crucial to ensure your data is accurately labelled and organized according to its level of sensitivity.


        When you have this knowledge, you may choose appropriate security measures and restrict access to extremely sensitive data.


        Data sharing is also made very simple by cloud services, but if not managed properly, this could pose a security risk. It’s a good idea to assess which data should keep these capabilities and which should not because administrators can control data sharing access. Companies frequently forget to restrict the devices that can download their company data; therefore, you should do the same.


        Lastly, it is crucial for cloud users to ensure data is as secure as possible while being transferred. Since it is challenging to track or intercept communication in the cloud and this reduces visibility of data transfer, it is crucial to ensure that it is adequately secured. The greatest type of encryption is client-side, which encrypts data on your end before it is sent to cloud servers.

        3. Inadequate Employee Training

        It is crucial to educate personnel about cloud security best practices and fundamentals.

        Some cybercriminals even exploit cloud-based services as the focus of their phishing emails by providing a malicious link that appears to be from Google Drive or OneDrive and then requests confirmation of login information in order to access the document. The staff must be able to recognize these dangers as well as other critical hazards, such as shadow IT, that could hurt the company.


        Organizations face a lot of issues when employees utilize unidentified software and devices on a company network because it’s nearly hard to have comprehensive visibility, especially when there are a lot of remote workers involved.


        A whopping 80% of employees admit to utilizing cloud-based software as a service (SaaS) application at work without getting IT’s permission. Staff members must be trained to reduce these major potentialities since unsecure equipment and software might result in data loss and vulnerabilities.

        4. Inadequate Security Policies

        Every situation calls for consideration of security, and the cloud is no exception.


        Written policies make it easier for users to understand the rules and guidelines that govern how securely they should use cloud applications.

        Specified in a cloud security policy should be:


        • Who is able to use the cloud.
        • What information needs to be kept in the cloud.
        • What the best practices and correct processes are for using the cloud securely.

        Each employee should be obliged to read the policies, and they should be reviewed and modified as necessary on a regular basis.

        5. Choosing the Wrong Provider

        Although several cloud service companies are available, selecting one that prioritizes security will be extremely advantageous to both you and your company.


        A smart place to start is to determine if the cloud vendor complies with industry-recognized security standards. You should also look for other crucial features and capabilities, including as authentication procedures, data encryption, disaster recovery, and technical support.

        Final Thoughts

        For both large and small teams, working from the cloud may be a significant value. But it’s crucial that security is not sacrificed for convenience as the use of these services increases.


        Implementing the appropriate technologies and practices is necessary for robust cybersecurity; doing so enables your company to take advantage of all the advantages cloud computing has to offer while reducing the risk of a cyberattack and safeguarding your company and its employees.


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          Credential Stuffing Prevention
          Posted in Cyber Security

          How to Prevent and Reduce Attacks Involving Credential Stuffing

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          Credential Stuffing Prevention

          By AMSAT Sep 9, 2022

          How to Prevent and Reduce Attacks Involving Credential Stuffing

          While newly discovered data breaches have become a dime a dozen, we hardly ever learn the specific effects of any such catastrophic event on an organization. This is because it takes time for the data to be sold and utilized for crimes, making it challenging to determine the cause and effect. Even if a data breach occurred at a business with which you do not share any sensitive information, this does not guarantee your safety because, through a practice known as credential stuffing, your login information for that business could be used to access all of your other accounts.


          This article takes an insight into credential stuffing attacks and suggests defenses against them.

          What is credential stuffing?

          Attackers who use automated tools or botnets to inject pre-collected credentials into user accounts of the same or different organizations are known as credential stuffers.

          Credential stuffing is simple to carry out and frequently succeeds. On several platforms, users frequently utilize the same login information. The other accounts can be compromised if the attacker obtains the username password of one of these accounts.

          The availability of vast quantities of compromised credentials is another factor contributing to the simplicity with which credential stuffing attacks can be executed. Breach credentials are publicly available in plaintext on the dark web, while attackers can also purchase them.

          What is the process of a credential stuffing attack?

          The hacker adds the list of credentials they have obtained or stolen to a botnet or automated tool. The automated tool or botnet automatically tests the credential pairs on numerous websites simultaneously while utilizing various IP addresses.

          The website(s) that the hacked set of credentials can access are identified by the botnet or automated program. Automation reduces the attacker’s need to repeatedly log in to a single service. The attacker keeps track of successful logins and performs harmful actions including

          • Obtain private information
          • Transfer money
          • Engage in online fraud

          Brute force attacks versus credential stuffing

          Credential stuffing is distinct from brute force attacks, despite their similarities. The primary distinction is that attackers try to guess passwords in the absence of context or information from earlier breaches. Attackers can break the credentials by changing the letters, digits, etc., or by using random strings, passwords that are easy to guess, etc.

          Effective methods for preventing credential stuffing attacks

          Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) Multi-factor authentication is one of the finest defenses against credential stuffing. MFA mandates that users go through additional authentication procedures to demonstrate that they are a real person and not a bot or an intruder attempting to access the account. One of the greatest ways to authenticate a user is to ask them to enter an OTP that was given to a pre-registered phone number.

          Because MFA can be disruptive to business, it might not always be possible to implement it. As a result, it is combined with other security measures like device fingerprinting, automatically enabling MFA for users who are deemed to be at higher risk, etc.

          • Set Strong Password and Authentication Policies in Place
          • Create distinctive usernames and robust passwords with password managers
          • Make users establish unique passwords for each of their accounts
          • Limit the amount of failed authentication requests very strictly.

          For instance, BFSI businesses often freeze the user account without exception after a maximum of 3-5 unsuccessful login attempts. Thus, in order to reactivate the account, the user needs visit a branch. In some industries, you can specify a time limit for failed login attempts and notify the user to change their password even if the accounts cannot be frozen.

          For users, passwords, and other information kept in your database, utilize credential hashing. Never keep credentials in plaintext.

          Keep an eye out for public data dumps to see whether your database contains any compromised email addresses or passwords. If so, mandate MFA and password reset for such users.

          Use CAPTCHA

          Credential stuffing attacks can be effectively diminished by using CAPTCHA. Since it can be disruptive to the business, it must be used sensibly and in conjunction with other methods to challenge the traffic.

          Fingerprinting of devices

          Device fingerprinting is another method for preventing credential stuffing. Using data gathered from user devices, such as language, OS, browser, time zone, etc., create a fingerprint for each session. If the exact same set of parameters are used to log in repeatedly in a row, it is probably an attack. Then, you can use the fingerprint to block IP addresses, impose temporary bans, etc.

          Additional measures

          • Geographical rate limiting, origin data centers, etc.
          • Using threat intelligence and insights from granular traffic analysis, IP blacklisting
          • Stop using headless browsers

          The final word

          Credential stuffing, a bot-based attack, can be halted and alleviated smoothly if you invest in an all-inclusive, intelligent, managed bot management and security solution like AMSAT.


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            7 Important Cybersecurity Trends in 2022
            Posted in Cyber Security

            7 Important Cybersecurity Trends in 2022

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            7 Important Cybersecurity Trends in 2022

            By AMSAT July 20,2022

            7 Important Cybersecurity Trends in 2022

            Organizations have increased their cybersecurity spending over the last two decades, and it’s easy to see why: from costly data breaches to crippling malicious attacks, companies are rushing to stay up with the rising complexity and sophistication of cyber threats.


            In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, businesses face new cybersecurity challenges in addition to new technology. According to Cisco’s Future of Secure Remote Work Report, 61pc of survey respondents said their firms have seen a 25pc rise in cyber risks since the pandemic started in March 2020.


            Below are seven developing cybersecurity trends to be aware of in order to prepare for new cybersecurity risks and stay one step ahead.

            1. New Technologies and Devices

            The reasons for the growth in cyber-attacks—and the increased focus on preventing them—are numerous. The proliferation of new technology and devices is one factor. More than 41 billion Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets will be online and connected by 2027, according to Business Insider. As a result of their expanding reputation as a key target for cyber-attacks, the IoT industry is looking for new ways to defend their devices.


            Smart plus, wearable fitness devices, and baby monitors are some of the devices that need to be protected from cybercriminals.


            1. Growing Ransomware Attacks

            Another important aspect contributing to the surge in cyber-attacks is monetization. Cybercriminals used to find it impossible to profit from attacks, but that has since changed. Ransomware attacks, in which assailants gain access to and encrypt a victim’s data before demanding a ransom, are becoming increasingly popular.

            As a result, attackers have become more motivated to commit cybercrime in the pursuit of monetary gain, making it more difficult to trace and identify these offenders. Therefore, there is a growing demand for qualified cybersecurity specialists who can develop tactics to prevent these threats.


            1. Attacks on Cloud Services

            Many businesses have embraced cloud-based computing services in recent years, which allow customers to access software programs, data storage, and other services over the internet rather than relying on physical infrastructure. Embracing this technology has a number of advantages, including lower operating costs and better efficiency.


            Although such systems can be extremely valuable to businesses, they have also become targets for cyber-attacks. Attackers are more likely to be able to exploit flaws in these systems’ security and obtain access to sensitive information if they are not properly setup or maintained. This is especially essential because many modern businesses rely on cloud services because their workers work remotely.

            1. Obsolete and Ineffective Systems

            Finally, linking legacy systems increases the danger of an attack or breach. Security flaws might be generated unintentionally when IT uses patchwork solutions to resolve operational concerns. As cyber-attacks become more devastating and technologies change at a quicker pace, these outmoded and ineffective systems become easy targets.


            Due to the constant evolution of cybersecurity threats, experts in the field—and those interested in joining them—must keep up with the latest skills, methods, and career prospects in order to stay competitive.

            1. Risks of Remote Working

            COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a significant increase of remote employees, and remote employment is here to stay. According to an Upwork research, by 2025, slightly over 40.7 million Americans would be working remotely, up 87% from pre-pandemic levels. Unfortunately, many firms are now more vulnerable to cyber-attacks because of this.

            1. Constant Use of Multi-Factor Authentication

            As an additional layer of protection against data breaches and other cyberattacks, many firms have merged the usage of passwords with multi-factor authentication (MFA).

            Multi-factor authentication requires users to validate their identities using two or more devices. An employee wanting to log into their company’s file sharing service on their laptop, for example, uses their laptop to enter their login and password. They then receive a code by text message to the phone number on file (or by using an authentication app on their phone). They’ll need to input this code to finish logging in.

            1. Massive Interest in Data Privacy

            Concerns around data privacy, particularly in the context of consumer and business information, have grown in the cybersecurity industry. Today’s enterprises must abide by a number of federal, state, and international data privacy rules, and consumers are growing increasingly sensitive about how their data is handled.


            Cyberattacks and data breaches disclose sensitive personal information, endangering customers and businesses. To strengthen their data privacy, firms of today need to take into account issues like data encryption, password protection, and network security. Businesses should also have a group of highly qualified cybersecurity experts working to secure their data and guard against potentially disastrous data breaches.

            Crucial Cybersecurity Skills for Today’s Experts

            It is not simple to defend an organization’s IT systems and information assets from internal and external attacks. Today’s cybersecurity experts need to be well-versed in the subject, as well as have the required training and work experience.

            Some skills that cybersecurity specialists are expected to have include technical skills, knowledge of major cybersecurity terms and concepts, a logical approach, and soft skills. Professionals in the field of cybersecurity need to grasp the legal and moral ramifications of information security, privacy, and digital rights as well as how to plan and implement security methods to reduce risk and improve protection. and a fundamental understanding of network protocols and computer system security.

            A Positive Outlook for Cybersecurity Jobs

            Professionals choosing this career path have a promising future because cybersecurity is such a highly sought-after industry.


            The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that the cybersecurity sector will expand by 33% between 2020 and 2030, outpacing the overall industry growth rate of 4%. In addition, some projections state that by 2025, there will be more than 3.5 million open positions in the worldwide cybersecurity workforce.


            The qualified, seasoned professionals are in high demand, which implies they have a high earning potential. The median annual salary for an information security analyst is about $103,590, according to the BLS. According to staffing data, other job titles including security directors, information systems security engineers, and chief information security officers can fetch more than $200,000.


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              Posted in Cyber Security

              Top IoT Security Threats in 2022

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              By AMSAT July 13,2022

              Top IoT Security Threats in 2022

              The internet of things, or IoT, has made our lives a lot easier in a number of ways. IoT enables electronic devices to connect with one another over the internet without the need for human contact.


              IoT technology enables our devices to do more for us and improve our lives more efficient. However, since the internet of things is a relatively new technology, there are certain important security concerns to be aware of. IoT devices might be exposed to cyber-attacks and other security issues if they are not protected.


              Here are some of the biggest IoT security threats to watch out for in 2022, as well as tips on how to keep your devices safe.

              What is IoT?


              The IoT is a vast network of electronic devices, software applications, and other objects that can connect to the internet and exchange data. Without realizing it, you’re probably already using IoT devices in your daily life. Many modern vehicles, for example, may link over the internet to your smartphone or smartwatch, allowing you to share playlists, position data, and other information between devices.


              The Internet of Things (IoT) can connect smart gadgets at home, such as your thermostat, refrigerator, lights, and more, to make your home more efficient. You might see IoT products like smart locks, energy monitoring devices, and even smart scheduling devices in a professional setting.

              Here are some key IoT security threats in 2022.


              1. Unencrypted data storage

              Throughout the day, IoT devices collect a massive amount of valuable data, much of which is stored in the cloud. Because this information can make these devices a target for hackers and other cybercriminals, it’s crucial that it’s kept safe. It’s also important that data is transferred between devices in a secure manner, preferably over an encrypted connection.


              Unfortunately, many IoT devices lack reliable firewalls and other security features, leaving this data highly vulnerable. Data transfer between a smartphone and other devices is typically done over public WiFi networks, therefore securing a secure connection between devices might be difficult in some cases.


              When data isn’t properly saved, you become vulnerable to infection. Malware can degrade the performance of your devices, and in the worst-case scenario, it might lock you out and keep your data for ransom.


              1. Unsafe financial information

              Some IoT devices have access to the financial information of their users. When these devices have access to sensitive information such as your credit card or banking account information, they become an easy target for hackers.

              This is an especially concerning issue for financial institutions that deploy IoT devices in the workplace. As IoT and AI technology advances, you’ll be able to use these technologies to manage a variety of areas of your organization. However, if these gadgets have access to indiscreet financial information, it might put your company and your consumers at risk.


              1. Access to physical property

              Another major security concern is that IoT devices are frequently linked to physical property in some way. Many houses, companies, and automobiles, for example, now have IoT-connected locks and security systems. This means that if the gadget is hacked, someone could gain access to your physical belongings and potentially jeopardize your physical safety.


              1. Weak passwords and ID verification

              Protecting your gadgets requires a strong password. Many IoT devices, however, are not password protected. A number of users choose options that are relatively simple and easy to guess, even on password-protected devices. As a result, your IoT devices are highly exposed to hackers.

              Many IoT devices use different forms of identity verification in addition to passwords. Many devices, for example, use biometric verification such as fingerprints or even facial recognition to verify identity. While this is more secure than simply using a password, it’s crucial that this identity verification data is maintained and managed safely.


              1. Botnets and malicious IoT devices

              The Internet of Things (IoT) lets electronic devices connect and communicate with one another, but not all of these devices are made with good intentions. Current IoT devices can be used by cybercriminals to break into secure networks.

              Botnet attacks are particularly vulnerable to IoT devices. Botnets are computer networks that are used to distribute malware and execute harmful bots. Botnets can enter IoT networks and infect safe devices with ransomware, spyware, or other types of malware, jeopardizing your financial and personal security.


              How To Secure Your IoT Devices


              Although these security threats are ubiquitous for IoT devices, here are a few things you can do to secure them.


              Regularly update your systems.


              Security threats are rapidly evolving. To get over these security issues, developers must update these systems frequently. It’s crucial to install these updates on your IoT devices as soon as they’re available to avoid risks.


              Opt for strong passwords.


              Your IoT devices can be particularly vulnerable if you use a weak password. When creating passwords, use a combination of characters, numbers, and symbols that are tough to guess. Furthermore, you should replace your passwords on a regular basis – ideally every few months. If your IoT device supports two-factor authentication, make sure you’re taking use of it.


              Be cautious when it comes to WiFi. Connecting your IoT devices to public WiFi networks is not a good idea because they are often insecure. You could also want to set up a guest network for your IoT devices at home, which will add an extra degree of protection.


              Final Thoughts


              Because the internet of things is still relatively new, at least in terms of consumer IoT devices, security measures are likely to increase as the technology matures. It’s critical to be aware of pertinent security concerns and take precautions to secure your networks before purchasing any new IoT device. While IoT devices are extremely useful, they can also be a huge target for hackers.



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                cyber security courses pakistan
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                Cyber Security Degrees and Courses in Pakistan: Are they worth pursuing?

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                cybersecurity courses in pakistan

                By AMSAT May 17, 2022

                Cyber Security Degrees and Courses in Pakistan: Are they worth pursuing?

                In the current volatile security environment, pursuing cyber security degrees and courses in pakistan has become more important than ever. Cybercriminals are employing more ingenious sophisticated ways to exploit individuals, government organizations, and even major corporations in the digital era.


                Top companies in Pakistan and elsewhere in the world are willing to pay heavily to cyber security professionals, who can protect their data and eliminate vulnerabilities in order to defend against cyber-attacks and security breaches.


                What you can study during a cyber security degrees/courses in Pakistan


                Universities and colleges are still working out which technique is ideal for their degrees because cyber security is still a relatively new topic. There are different cyber security study programs and courses.


                Some people are more interested in programming, while others are more interested in digital forensics, security regulations, or broad aspects of cyber security. According to the National Security Agency’s 2014 Academic Criteria, IT Security degrees should include courses in:


                • Basic Data Analysis
                • Basic Scripting or Introductory Programming
                • Cyber Defense
                • Cyber Threats
                • Fundamental Security Design Principles
                • Information Assurance Fundamentals
                • Intro to Cryptography
                • IT Systems Components
                • Networking Concepts
                • Policy, Legal, Ethics, and Compliance
                • System Administration


                Some universities in Pakistan, including the following, offer cyber security courses and degrees.


                • The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
                • Air University
                • Comsats University
                • National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad
                • Dawood University of Engineering and Technology
                • Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering & Information Technology


                Advanced modules, particularly those at the master’s degree level, can help you specialize in complex fields such as forensic accounting, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and more.


                When researching cyber security degrees, paying attention to the curriculum of each program will greatly help. You should ensure that they contain relevant courses, and select those that provide hands-on experience, which benefits both you and potential employers.


                “People new to cyber-security now have a lot more possibilities,” Bogdan says, “interactive classes with exceptionally skilled tutors, internships in well-established cyber-security companies, local conferences and cyber-security presentations.”


                “Back in my day – and to some extent still now,” he continues, “Cyber Security was not something you’d learn in school.” In terms of teaching algorithms and programming, the curriculum is excellent, but not so much in terms of cyber security and reverse engineering. These are talents I learned outside of the classroom, thanks to the Internet’s power.”


                This means that while cyber security degrees are a wonderful place to start, they won’t teach you everything you need to know. Keep an open mind and continue to improve your talents outside of the classroom.

                Duration of cyber security degrees

                • In most countries, bachelor’s degrees take three or four years to complete.
                • Master’s degrees might take anywhere from one to two years to finish.
                • PhD programs last between three and five years. Some just take a year or two, but they are rare.

                Pursuit of online cyber security degrees: A great option

                Prospective students with other responsibilities, such as a part-time or full-time job, should consider an online cyber security degree. You can learn at your own speed from anywhere in the world.


                You can also re-watch courses as many times as you need to and communicate with your peers via discussion boards or social media groups. While you will have some freedom, exam and project deadlines will still be set, and you must meet them.


                The possibility to take an online short course in IT Security before deciding whether to pursue undergraduate or postgraduate courses is a huge plus. Cyber security short courses start at $100 (nearly PKR 20,000) at many universities and online platforms. They typically last 1-3 months and give you an introduction to online learning.


                You can also save money on tuition by pursuing an online cyber security degree. Tuition is cheaper, starting at $300 (nearly PKR 59,000) per academic year, and you won’t have to pay for transportation, rent, or other living expenses in another country. However, due to the technological nature of these degrees, you may need to invest in your classroom or virtual lab hardware or software.


                Before enrolling in an online bachelor’s or master’s in IT Security, make sure the program is accredited. While the majority of online degrees are real, you don’t want to waste your money and time on a forgery. Being conned while attempting to learn how to avoid cybercrime isn’t exactly a plus on your resume, is it?

                Cyber security internships

                Internships are an excellent way to get experience and prepare for a career, providing with the opportunity to collaborate with IT Security experts and learn from real-world problems and scenarios. Internships are a great way to put what you’ve learned in cyber security studies into practice and identify where you can improve.


                Internships can be found on sites like Glassdoor and LinkedIn. Apply if you meet the prerequisites and are satisfied with the duration and compensation. Lists of IT Security internships can also be found on the internet. Although not all of them are up to date, they save you the time of searching for each program separately.

                Jobs and salaries

                The world desperately needs IT security experts, more so in today’s precarious security environment. ISC2 suggests a staggering 2.93 million cyber security specialists are needed globally, with the US Bureau of Labor Statistics estimating that employment in this profession will grow by 28% in the next 4 years.


                While security specialists are required in various types of businesses, their need is more pronounced in key areas such as finance, healthcare, and education where people’s transactions, assets, and health information must be protected.


                You can seek a number of positions in the field of cyber security—and virtually all of them command considerable salaries, perks and massive demand for technical skills, attention to detail, problem-solving attitude, and the ability to evaluate risks. Here are some of the best cyber security jobs and the average yearly salaries:


                • Cryptographer – 100,000 USD (PKR 20,000,000)
                • Information Security Officer – 91,000 USD (PKR 18,200,000)
                • Security Assessor – 90,000 USD (PKR 18,000,000)
                • Security Engineer – 88,000 USD (PKR 17,600,000)
                • Penetration Tester – 81,000 USD (PKR 16,200,000)
                • Forensics Expert – 71,000 USD (PKR 14,200,000)
                • Security Administrator – 65,000 USD (PKR 13,000,000)


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                  Posted in Cyber Security

                  Protecting Your Organization Against Business Email Compromise Attacks

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                  By AMSAT April 1,2022

                  Protecting your organization against Business Email Compromise Attacks

                  The Business Email Compromise (BEC) is a common type of cyberattack that targets businesses and individuals in a bid to receive money transferred into phony accounts. A BEC assault typically impersonates a trusted or familiar individual, such as a senior employee, a contractor, or a partner, in order to dupe the victim into purchasing gift cards, redirecting tax refunds, or even transferring valuables to the criminals behind the operation.

                  According to the FBI’s 2019 Internet Crime Report, annual losses from BEC attacks totaled $1.7 billion in 2019. In 2021, these attacks accounted for half of all cybercrime losses in the United States, making BEC the most dangerous cyberthreat for causing financial damage.


                  BEC attacks have in the past spoofed the email accounts of CEOs and other high-ranking officials to persuade staff to transfer payments to criminals’ accounts. As time went on, customers, HR departments, and even tax officials became targets. While the objective is still the same, threat actors are now attempting to trick victims into purchasing gift cards, diverting tax returns, and even transferring millions of dollars in hardware and other equipment into their possession.


                  BEC attacks, like typical phishing efforts, frequently target current events or areas of public interest. And, of course, one of the hottest topics these days is the coronavirus. During the first two weeks of May 2020, COVID-19-related cyberattacks increased by 30%, with many of them including email frauds. In a number of cases, government organizations and medical facilities seeking to purchase equipment unwittingly paid funds to cybercriminals, only to realize later that the equipment did not exist and that their funds had been stolen.


                  Because gift cards don’t require bank accounts or direct payment transfers, they’ve become a popular means for fraudsters to steal money. These cards can easily be sold for roughly 70% of their original value on the internet. Scams involving gift cards are especially common over the holiday season, with crooks exploiting cards from Google Play, eBay, Target, and Walmart.


                  The attackers use a method to spoof the source’s email address, which is simple to perform because the SMTP protocol provides no effective mechanism to validate a sender. To send emails with a forged address, criminals use specialized or public SMTP servers.


                  In another method, criminals get control of the email accounts of the persons they intend to mimic through phishing, credential theft, or other means. They can then send emails from the actual account to give the request for funds more authenticity.


                  In yet another method, the attackers register a domain name that is identical to the one they want to spoof and send email from it. In contrast to the legitimate name of xyz.com, the registered domain may be xyz.co.


                  A US defence contractor was duped into mailing materials for a false order for over $10 million in 2019, including $3.2 million in sensitive communications spying equipment. The attacker utilized a fake Yahoo email account ending in “navy-mil.us” to create a bogus purchase order. The equipment was transported and received, which fortunately led to the identification and arrest of the swindler. Nevertheless, the attacker was well-versed in how to set up an email account, who to contact, how to design and draught a purchase order, and what equipment to specify.


                  In another case, the attackers entered and watched three financial firms’ Microsoft 365 accounts. The criminals diverted certain emails to these false sites after building lookalike domains for these organizations and their partners, accounts, and banks. The campaign’s organizers were able to request and receive more than $1.3 million in money transfers using this type of “man-in-the-middle” method.


                  AMSAT recommends the following advice to help your organization and workers defend against BEC attacks:


                  • Safeguard your email traffic with at least one layer of a cutting-edge email security solution from a recognized vendor. Niche players and open-source solutions might be quite harmful to your organization’s safety.
                  • Protect mobile and endpoint browsing with powerful cyber security solutions that block access to known and unknown phishing websites.
                  • Verify any changes to account details or wire instructions with two-factor authentication.
                  • Educate your end consumers on a regular basis. When doing irreversible acts like money transfers, elements of the transaction must be validated through other techniques such as voice communication rather than relying just on information from email correspondence.
                  • Check any message for the complete email address and be wary of hyperlinks that may contain misspellings of the actual domain name.
                  • In response to a text or email, do not provide login credentials or personal information.
                  • Monitor your bank accounts on a regular basis.
                  • Make sure you’re utilizing an email security system that can detect and block advanced attacks.


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                    Posted in Cyber Security

                    How to Perform IT Risk Assessment

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                    By AMSAT Feb 11,2022

                    How to Perform IT Risk Assessment

                    How to Perform IT Risk Assessment

                    Understanding, monitoring, controlling, and minimizing risk to your organization’s essential assets is at the heart of cybersecurity. If you work in security, you tend to, by default, engage yourself in the risk management business. No wonder you take every trick in the book to ensure your organization is highly protected against all manner of cyber-attacks, including the service of some well-known external threat protection detection service providers.

                    What is a security risk assessment?

                    The process of identifying and analyzing risks for assets that could be harmed by cyberattacks is known as cybersecurity risk assessment. Essentially, you examine both internal and external threats, evaluate their potential effect on data accessibility, privacy, and integrity, and estimate the costs of a cybersecurity event. Using this information, you can tailor your cybersecurity and data protection rules to your organization’s actual risk tolerance.

                    To begin assessing IT security risks, you must first answer three key questions:

                    • What are your company’s important information technology assets, or the data whose loss or exposure would have a significant impact on your business?
                    • What are the key business processes that utilize or require this information?
                    • What threats could jeopardize those business functions’ capacity to function?


                    You can start building strategies once you know what you need to safeguard. However, before you spend any amount of your budget or an hour of your time putting in place a risk-reduction solution, be sure you know which risk you’re dealing with, how significant it is, and whether you’re handling it in the best possible manner.

                    Significance of regular IT security assessments

                    Conducting a thorough IT security assessment on a regular basis helps organizations develop a solid foundation for ensuring business success.

                    • It enables them to do things like:
                    • Identify and fix IT security flaws
                    • Prevent data breaches
                    • Select appropriate protocols and policies to limit risks
                    • Protect the asset with the highest value and risk as a top priority.
                    • Evaluate possible security partners
                    • Establish, manage, and confirm regulatory compliance
                    • Accurately estimate future demands
                    • Eliminate unneeded or outmoded control measures


                    What is cyber risk?


                    A cyber risk, according to the Institute of Risk Management, is “any risk of financial loss, interruption, or damage to an organization’s reputation as a result of some sort of breakdown of its information technology systems.” “The possibility for an unanticipated, negative business result involving the failure or misuse of IT,” according to Gartner.


                    The following are some examples of cyber risk:


                    • Information that is sensitive or controlled is stolen.
                    • Data loss as a result of hardware failure
                    • Viruses and malware
                    • Credentials in jeopardy
                    • Failure of the company’s website
                    • Natural calamities that may cause server damage

                    When assessing cyber threats, it’s critical to consider the specific financial harm that they could cause, such as legal bills, operational disruption, and associated profit loss, and lost revenue due to customer cynicism.


                    IT risk assessment elements and formula

                    The four key components. There are four main components to an IT risk assessment. We’ll go into how to evaluate each one later, but first, here’s a quick rundown:


                    Threat — This constitutes any event that could inflict damage on a company’s people or assets—such as natural calamities, website failures, and corporate spying.


                    Vulnerability — This is any potential weak point that allows danger to cause harm. Antivirus software that is obsolete, for example, is a weakness that can allow a malware assault to succeed. Having a server room in the basement is a vulnerability that increases the risks of equipment being damaged and downtime being caused by a tornado or flood. Discontented personnel and aged hardware are two further examples of vulnerability.


                    Impact — The complete damage an organization would suffer if a vulnerability was exploited by a threat is referred to as the impact. A successful ransomware assault, for instance, could result not only in missed output and data recovery costs, but also in the revealing of customer data or trade secrets, which could result in lost business, legal bills, and compliance penalties.


                    Likelihood — This is the likelihood of a threat occurring. It is usually a range rather than a specific number.


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