all-you-need-to-know-about-external-vs-internal-penetration-tests
Posted in Cyber Security

All You Need to Know about External vs Internal Penetration Tests

Latest Blogs

all-you-need-to-know-about-external-vs-internal-penetration-tests

By AMSAT Jan 20,2021

All You Need to Know about External vs Internal Penetration Tests

Penetration testing, also called ethical hacking, is the exercise of reviewing the security flaws of application software, networks, computers and devices, wireless systems, and employees. Penetration tests can be either external or internal depending on the goal of the project.

An external penetration test seeks to misuse flaws that could be carried out by an external user without appropriate access and authorizations. An internal penetration test is similar to a vulnerability evaluation; nevertheless, it takes an examination one step further by seeking to exploit the flaws and ascertain what information is actually exposed.

External Penetration Test

External penetration testing comprises testing flaws to review the likelihoods of being attacked by any remote attacker. By exploiting the found vulnerabilities it recognizes the information being revealed to outsiders.

The major goal of this test is to pretend an attack on the internal network by imitating the actions of an actual hacker.

This type of penetration testing seeks to find and misuse flaws of a system to make off with or adversely affect the organization’s information. Consequently, the test will reveal whether the employed security measures are sufficient to secure an organization and to evaluate its ability to protect against any external attack.

An external penetration test typically takes three weeks to complete; nevertheless, this hinges on the intricacy of the system, the size of the network, and the objectives of the test itself

Examples of external penetration tests include:

Configuration & Deployment Management Testing

Identity Management Testing

Authentication Testing

Authorization Testing

Session Management Testing, Input Validation Testing

Testing for weak Cryptography

Business Logic Testing

Client-Side Testing

Testing for Error Handling.

Testing methodologies include: 

Footprinting

Checking for public information and other information leakages

System Scanning/Port Scanning/Service Scanning for flaws

Manual testing identified flaws

IDS/IPS Testing

Password Strength Testing

 

Internal Penetration Test 

An internal penetration test employs a different method of tackling the attacks and only bets highlighted once it completes an external penetration test. In this test, the key focus is to recognize what a hacker with internal access to your network could achieve. 

Make sure you have the following checklist on hand before engaging with a vendor: 

Your objectives for conducting a pen test

The number of internal workstations on the network

The number of servers

The total number of internal and external IPs.

 

Internal penetration tests include using:

 

Computer Systems
Access Points
WiFi Networks
Firewalls
IDS/IPS
Local Servers
Employees

 

Once those flaws have been identified, testers exploit them to determine the effect of an attack and show the defects/entry points to the organization. 

 

Internal penetration testing is not just restricted to abusing internal network flaws, but it also comprises privilege escalation, malware spreading, man in the middle attacks (MITM), credential stealing, monitoring, information leakage or any other mean activity.

 

Testing methodologies include:

 
Internal Network Scanning
Port Scanning and System Fingerprinting
Finding vulnerabilities
Exploiting
Manual Vulnerability Testing and Verification
Firewall and ACL Testing
Administrator Privileges Escalation Testing
Password Strength Testing
Network Equipment Security Controls Testing
Database Security Controls Testing
Internal Network Scan for Known Trojans
Third-Party/Vendor Security Configuration Testing
 

Popular tools used in internal penetration testing:

 
Nmap
Wireshark
Burp Suite Pro
Dirbuster/Dirb/GoBuster
Nikto
Sqlmap
Nessus
Responder
Metasploit Framework
Nmap
Hydra
Bettercap/Ettercap
Hashcat/John the Ripper
Custom Scripts
 

Takeaway

 
To prevent your organization from possible breaches and strengthen existing security controls against an expert hacker, a number of companies on the internet offer penetration testing services based on a custom plan of a multistep attack that targets custom network infrastructure and applications. For every enterprise, it’s best practice to carry out an external and internal penetration test along with consistent security reviews to confirm the security of their IT System and determine what information can be revealed to the hackers.

TAGS

  • Internal Penetration Tests
  • External Penetration Tests

Recent Blogs

Share this article

Ready to Get Started?

Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

    By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

    cybersecurity-weekly-news-roundup-for-2nd-week-of-january
    Posted in Cyber Security

    A Brief Weekly Review of Top Stories that Dominated the Cyberworld

    Latest Blogs

    cybersecurity-weekly-news-roundup-for-2nd-week-of-january

    By AMSAT Jan 15,2021

    A Brief Weekly Review of Top Stories that Dominated the Cyberworld

    The outgoing week saw a handful of incidents that took the cyberworld by storm. From a New Zealand central bank’s IT system breach in a cyberattack to the German police taking down the world’s most notorious darknet marketplace to Facebook-owned messaging app WhatsApp sparking a furor by dropping a bombshell with regard to its user policy, the world of cybersecurity was witness to events that had a sweeping impact on the world of cybersecurity.  

     

    Here is the review of the stories that made headlines in the week gone by.

    New Zealand central bank IT system breached in cyberattack

    The Reserve Bank of New Zealand, New Zealand’s central bank, reeled from the impact of a breach of a third-party file-sharing system used to share and store information. The bank, however, said that the attack was not specifically aimed at it, and other users of the file-sharing system from Accellion, known as File Transfer Application, were also compromised.

    German Police Took Down ‘World’s Largest Darknet Marketplace’

    A German-led police operation took down the “world’s largest” darknet marketplace, which had been used to facilitate the sale of drugs, stolen credit card data and malware. The marketplace called DarkMarket, as per media reports, had almost 500,000 users and more than 2,400 vendors worldwide. A total of at least 320,000 transactions were carried out via the marketplace, with more than 4,650 bitcoin and 12,800 monero.

    WhatsApp’s Privacy Policy Forced Users to Move to Rivals

    WhatsApp reassured users about privacy at the Facebook-owned messaging service as people moved to rivals Telegram and Signal following a tweak to its terms. WhatsApp’s new terms sparked censure, as users outside Europe who do not accept the new conditions before February 8 will be cut off from the messaging app.

    TAGS

    • Cyber Crime
    • Security Updates
    • News Roundup

    Recent Blogs

    Share this article

    Ready to Get Started?

    Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

      By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

      Evaluating-User-and-Attacker-Behavior-Analytics
      Posted in Cyber Security

      Evaluating User and Attacker Behavior Analytics

      Latest Blogs

      evaluating-user-and-attacker-behavior-analytics

      By AMSAT Jan 13,2021

      Evaluating User and Attacker Behavior Analytics

      User behavior analytics helps an organization gain a baseline comprehension of what standard behavior for an employee would be; for example, what kind of data they access, what times they log on, and where they are physically located. That way, an unexpected outlier in behavior—such as a 3 am logon in Bangkok from someone who typically works from 10 to 6 in London and doesn’t travel for business—stands out as uncommon behavior and something a security analyst may need to probe.

      With attacker behavior analytics, there’s no baseline of activity to compare information to; rather, small, apparently disparate activities spotted on the network over time may in fact be breadcrumbs of activity that a threat actor leaves behind. Both technology and human are needed to put these pieces together, but they can help form a picture of what a threat actor may be up to within an organization’s network.

      Setting Prowler Traps

      Some targets are just too alluring for a hacker to keep away from. Security experts are cognizant of this fact, so they set traps on the back of hopes that an attacker will take the bait. Against the backdrop of an organization’s network, an intruder trap could include a special target that may appear to house network services—particularly tempting to an attacker. When a hacker goes after this lure, it causes an alert so the security team know there is wary activity in the network that should be examined. 

      Steering Threat Hunts

      Rather than wait for a threat to appear in the organization’s network, a threat hunt allows security experts to vigorously go out into their own network, endpoints, and security technology to look for threats or invaders that may be prowling as-yet unnoticed. This is an unconventional technique commonly performed by expert security and threat experts. 

      Preferably, a well-developed security threat finding program should include all of the above strategies, amongst others, to oversee the security of the organization’s employees, data, and important assets.

      A Two-Pronged Approach is Needed to Threat Detection 

      Threat detection requires both human and technical elements. The human element comprises security experts who evaluate trends, patterns in data, behaviors, and reports, as well as those who can ascertain if irregular data points to a possible threat or a false alarm. 

      However, threat detection technology also plays a cardinal role in the uncovering procedure. There’s no silver bullet in threat detection, and no single tool that will do the job. Instead, a blend of tools serves as a net across an organization’s network, from end to end, to try and seize threats before they become a grave problem.

      A strong threat detection program should employ:

      • Security event threat detection technology to combine data from events across the network, including verification, network access, and logs from critical systems.

      • Network threat detection technology to comprehend traffic patterns on the network and oversee traffic within and between reliable networks, as well as to the internet.

      • Endpoint threat detection technology to provide thorough information about possibly spiteful events on user machines, as well as any behavioral or scientific information to assist in probing threats.

      Takeaway

      By employing a combination of these defensive methods, you’ll be increasing your chances of detecting and mitigating a threat quickly and efficiently. Security is a continuous process, and nothing is guaranteed. It’ll be up to you and the resources and processes you put in place to keep your business as secure as possible.

       

      TAGS

      • Cyber Crime
      • Security Updates
      • Steering Threat Hunts
      • Threat Detection

      Recent Blogs

      Share this article

      Ready to Get Started?

      Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

        By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

        Posted in Application Security

        Top 5 Application Security Best Practices

        Latest Blogs

        Top-5-Application-Security-Best-Practices

        By AMSAT Jan 11,2020

        Top 5 Application Security Best Practices

        As applications become more intricate and software development timelines narrow, developers are under pressure to trot out new features at the earliest. Consequently, developers count more profoundly on third-party libraries, mostly open-source components, to attain distinguished and convincing application functionality. This rise in open-source components drives companies to regulate their security practices. One of the ways organizations can protect their software is by espousing application security best practices and combining them into their software development life cycle.

         

        To this end, here are the top 10 application security best practices you should use in your organization.   

         

        1. Track Your Assets 

         

        You can’t secure what you don’t know you have. 

         

        Keeping track of your assets helps you preempt mishaps and disasters in the future. You should ensure you automate the process as much as possible, as it’s a Herculean task for organizations to continue to scale their development. As well as tracking your assets, take the time to categorize them, observing which ones are important to your business roles and which are of less importance. 

         

        2. Carry out a Threat Assessment

         

        Once you have a list of what needs to be protected, you can start to understand what your threats are and how to alleviate them. You also need to know the paths that cybercriminals use to breach your application, while ensuring you have the right security measures in place to spot or thwart an attack. At the same time, you also need to be realistic about expectations for how secure you can be. This implies that even if you take the highest level of defense available, nothing is ever unhackable. You also need to be truthful about what kind of measures you believe your team can maintain in the long term. 

         

        3. Patch your software with updates 

         

        Fixing your software with updates either from commercial vendors or the open-source community is one of the most significant initiatives you can take to ensure the security of your software. When a flaw is correctly exposed and reported to the owners of the product or project, the flaw is then published on security manuals and databases for public consumption. Developers may be cautious to upgrade to the latest version of the software if it could break your product, but automated tools can help enormously here. 

         

        4. Manage Your Containers

         

        Over the last few years, containers have gained immense traction as more organizations adopt the technology for its flexibility, making it easier to build, test, and arrange across several environments throughout the SDLC. 

         

        5. Prioritize Your Remediation Ops

         

        In recent years, vulnerabilities have seen a sharp rise, and this trend shows no sign of abating anytime soon. Developers have a hard time when it comes to remediation. Given the magnitude of the task at hand, prioritization is vital for teams that expect to keep their applications safe while upholding their rationality.

         

        Doing so requires carrying out a threat evaluation based on the severity of a flaw, how serious the affected application is to your operations, and many other factors. When it comes to open-source flaws, you ought to know whether your registered code is actually using the susceptible functionality in the open-source component. If the susceptible component’s functionality is not receiving calls from your product, then it is unproductive and not a high risk even if its CVSS rating is grave. A shrewd approach is one that automatically prioritizes the most demanding threats first, taking into account the factors at play, and leaves the low-risk ones for later.   

         

        Takeaway

         

        Staying ahead of cybercriminals is mostly circumventing the common errors that others are likely to make, making yourself a stiffer target to exploit than others. While no perimeter or application security measures are ever fully hack-proof, following these basic best practices goes a long way in making your application not worth the hassle for the hackers, thereby keeping you and your data safe for another day.

         

        TAGS

        • Cyber Security
        • Security Updates
        • Application Security

        Recent Blogs

        Share this article

        Ready to Get Started?

        Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

          By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

          Cybersecurity Weekly News Roundup for First Week of Jan 2021
          Posted in Cyber Security

          A Brief Weekly Review of Top Stories that Dominated the Cyberworld

          Latest Blogs

          Cybersecurity Weekly News Roundup for First Week of Jan 2021

          By AMSAT Jan 08,2020

          A Brief Weekly Review of Top Stories that Dominated the Cyberworld

          With hackers exfiltrating emails to experts warning of new ransomware targeting enterprise networks, the outgoing week has been full of worrying developments in the world of cybersecurity. But one news item that stood out amid all the ominous developments, and which will greatly help the US Army secure its digital assets against cyberattacks, was the US government’s announcement of a Bug Bounty program called ‘Hack the Army 3.0’

           

          Here is the review of the stories that made headlines in the last week.

          US Government Announced ‘Hack the Army 3.0’ Bug Bounty Program

          The U.S. government announced the launch of another bug bounty program, Hack the Army 3.0. The objective of the program is to help the US Army protect its digital assets and systems against cyberattacks, and it’s open to both military and civilian white hat hackers. Nevertheless, only civilians are eligible for financial rewards if they find flaws.

          Not everyone can participate in the program, but the Department of Defense does have an ongoing vulnerability disclosure program through which anyone can report security gaps at any time in return for “thanks.”

          ‘Earth Wendigo’ Hackers Exfiltrated Emails Through JavaScript Backdoor

          A well-orchestrated malware attack campaign had been exfiltrating emails from targeted organizations using a JavaScript backdoor injected into a webmail system extensively used in Taiwan, according to an advisory.

          The advisory said that Earth Wendigo had been targeting multiple organizations, including government entities, research institutions, and universities in Taiwan since May 2019.

          Researchers Warned of New Babuk Ransomware Targeting Enterprise Networks

          Security experts have detected a brand new ransomware family, Babuk, targeting at corporate networks, warning that professional threat actors had already hit several organizations with the file-encryption scheme.

          Reports suggested that Babuk claimed at least four corporate victims facing data recovery extortion attempts.

          TAGS

          • Weekly News Update
          •  Security Updates
          • Cyber Security

          Recent Blogs

          Share this article

          Ready to Get Started?

          Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

            By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

            Six-ways-to-protect-against-digital-threats
            Posted in Digital Threats

            Six ways to protect against digital threats

            Latest Blogs

            Six-ways-to-protect-against-digital-threats

            By AMSAT Aug 28,2020

            Six ways to protect against digital threats

            The fourth industrial revolution is poised to be driven by two major elements: digitization and connectivity. However, manufacturers ought to adopt cybersecurity to ensure physical assets and intellectual property are sufficiently defended against heist and attack. The digitization of manufacturing is driving industrial operators to attain new levels of output, quality, and visibility.

            Though these are thrilling times in manufacturing, there is a dark side to the swift progress that’s ongoing. Regrettably, more connections also open the door to new security perils, and preceding generations of manufacturing control systems were not perceived with security or IP connectivity in mind.

             

            Industrial Automation and Control Systems (IACS) conventionally employ proprietary hardware and procedures that are difficult to integrate with network security. Although separated from industrial IP networks, they’re still vulnerable because they’re often set up as simple, open network machine islands, with inadequate or no security. The net result is that digital change is multiplying vulnerabilities at the same time as cyber-attackers are getting more sophisticated.

             

            As per recent research by Cisco, if cybersecurity fears delay digital execution, it could take up to five years to catch up with the competition. The industrial sector has some of the least developed security protocols and policies and lowest quality security setup, so there’s a very real risk of being left behind.

            Several industrial enterprises don’t have even a simple security policy jotted down. Begin by creating and enforcing a set of written security policies and procedures for your plant that will summarize who should be able to access the network in the first place and how.

            It should encompass permanent employees and outworkers, while also spelling out what assets they can evaluate, define acceptable asset use, and define reporting instruments for events. Written policies should also comprise an incident response plan, including any measures to restore critical production systems following a security event.

             

            Physical security is key

             

            Some of the most severe harm comes from within, when entry is gained from the factory floor. Whether it’s foiling inventory lift, data loss or intellectual property theft, businesses can take advantage of a wide-ranging physical security solution combined with a safe wired and wireless industrial network.

             

            Defend assets with physical access limits like locks, key cards, and video surveillance. Where hands-on, you can also add device verification and authorization, plus encryption.

             

            Take a rounded approach

             

            The chances of a breach increase with a rise in more connections in your manufacturing setting. Your network cannot be secured by any single technology, product, or technique. Defending important manufacturing assets needs a rounded approach that uses numerous layers of protection to address different types of threats.

             

            A rudimentary mapping exercise will help you get started, providing a catalogue of all the devices and software on your network. Remember, ‘air gap’ approaches are imperfect – just because a robot or device isn’t linked to the network doesn’t mean it’s totally safe. One corrupt or malicious thumb drive will put a remote machine at risk of unintended downtime or worse, safety events.

             

            Isolate your sub-systems

             

            To establish zones and design schemas to segment and segregate your sub-systems, it’s important to use industry best practices. On the network boundary, firewalls and intrusion detection will help you foil threats, while within the network, using out-of-band deep packet inspection (DPI) in your routers, switches, and other network devices can help you detect viruses, spam, and other intrusions.

             

            Stop attackers in their tracks

             

            An important segment of any company’s network architecture spans the internet edge, where the business network meets the public internet. Internet edge is the doorway to cyberspace, and serves numerous roles for the characteristic enterprise network. As network users stretch out to websites and use email for corporate communication, you need to keep your business resources both reachable and protected.

             

            Takeaway

             

             

            In time, manufacturers who rise to the challenge of digitization by enforcing the next generation of security defenses built for the age of the IIoT will gain competitive edge in the process. By thinking holistically and integrating multiple layers of protection, you can defend intellectual property and physical assets from accidental breaches and cyber theft, while accelerating threat resolution, decreasing downtime, and driving productivity gains across your services.

            TAGS

            • Cyber Crime
            • Security Updates
            • Digital Threats

            Recent Blogs

            Share this article

            Ready to Get Started?

            Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

              By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

              5-Top-Regulatory-Compliance-Frameworks
              Posted in Cyber Security

              5 Top Regulatory Compliance Frameworks

              Latest Blogs

              5-Top-Regulatory-Compliance-Frameworks

              By AMSAT Aug 28,2020

              Dealing with cyber-threat: a complex challenge

              To keep abreast with industry best practices and to adhere to technical and other requirements, enterprises today often use frameworks to ensure cybersecurity compliance. These frameworks provide best guidelines to help improve security, enhance business processes, meet regulatory requirements, and carry out other tasks essential to attain specific business objectives such as breaking into a particular market niche or selling to government institutions.

              There are a number of such frameworks, and the recommendations set out in them can impose tough and often costly requirements on enterprise resources, not least in circumstances where an enterprise is bound by a host of supervisory compliance regimes

              Cybersecurity Compliance Frameworks

               

              These frameworks typically provide recommendations on executing and managing the several aspects of a security program, such as perimeter defense, access control, authentication, encryption, monitoring, reporting, incident response, and risk management. They may also give guidelines on best practices, and fields that should be encompassed in cybersecurity awareness training.

              These frameworks approach these matters in a particular way, typical of its particular design, and are likely to be influenced by the industry standards or market sector for which they have been designed.

              The following are some of the leading frameworks highly recommended for cybersecurity compliance purposes.

              Consortium for IT Software Quality (CISQ)

              This specific framework has developed standards for automating the measuring of structural quality and the size of software applications. The standards were drawn up based on exploits and flaws recognized by the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP), the SANS Institute, and Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE). The standards of this framework are generally used in handling risks like application security.

              Control Objectives for Information Related Technology (COBIT)

              More than 25 years ago, the Information Security Audit and Control Association (ISACA) introduced the Control Objectives for Information Related Technology (COBIT) framework to highlight the issue of risk reduction in financial institutions. The latest review of COBIT comprises best practices for aligning information technology functions and procedures and connecting these best practices to business plan.

              Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP)

              This framework provides a standardized way for government agencies to assess the risks of cloud-based software solutions and infrastructure platforms. The framework allows existing security evaluations and packages to be reused across many government organizations and is based on the constant monitoring of cloud products and services for real-time cybersecurity.

              National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

              This is a division of the US Chamber of Commerce, which deals with cybersecurity issues impacting the operators and managers of serious infrastructure. NIST’s recommendations for manufacturing, quality control, security, and other matters are grounded on the outcomes of consultations with security industry specialists, government agencies, and researchers. The framework offers a set of controls and balances to help infrastructure operators to manage their cybersecurity risks.

              Privacy Shield

              The Privacy Shield Framework was recognized to substitute the US-EU Safe Harbor rules which were issued to ensure that US companies complied with European Union (EU) data protection standards when shifting EU data across borders. The framework was intended to minimize and alleviate the risk of meddling when data is transferred between the EU and the USA.

               

              TAGS

              • Regulatory Compliance Frameworks
              • Security Updates
              • FedRAMP

              Recent Blogs

              Share this article

              Ready to Get Started?

              Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

                By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

                Key Features of a File Integrity Monitoring Software
                Posted in Integrity Monitoring

                7 Key Features of a File Integrity Monitoring Software

                Latest Blogs

                Key Features of a File Integrity Monitoring Software

                By AMSAT Dec 31,2020

                7 Key Features of a File Integrity Monitoring Software

                The growing occurrence of data breaches over the last few years has led to the creation of a number of regulatory standards such as the PCI-DSS. These standards get companies to embrace security best practices, including the need to supervise all types of changes made to server configurations. Although some of these configuration changes have no considerable effect on systems, a few unforeseen changes could put companies at risk, which may also lead to non-compliance.

                 

                The File Integrity Monitoring Solution

                 

                To help secure your critical data and maintain compliance, you need to spot changes down to the smallest detail in real time. This is achieved by creating a baseline state and supervising for file changes relative to the baseline. 

                 

                The problem is that it’s unrealistic to oversee every application or device in your network all the time. Moreover, today’s networks are far too multifaceted to be checked physically, and this reality holds true even in small to mid-sized organizations. Therefore, you need a solution that helps you take over all these changes without the risks of manual editing. And this results in the need for File Integrity Monitoring (FIM).

                 

                Here are the features you should be looking for when assessing any file integrity monitoring solution.

                1. Multiple Platform Support

                 

                A typical organization today commonly runs on Windows, Linux, Solaris, AIX or even HP-UX. So, it’s important to try to find an effective solution than can supervise numerous platforms without incompatibility issues.

                 

                2. Easy Integration

                The FIM of your choice should be able to impeccably work with other data security solutions such as associating change data with event and log data. This lets your team swiftly recognize, trace, and relate problem-creating changes with each other.

                 

                3. Prolonged Perimeter Protection

                 

                You should opt for an FIM solution that goes beyond change discovery in files and its characteristics. Network devices such as firewalls, routers, switches, and VPN concentrators should also be taken into account by your solution.

                 

                4. Smarter Change Detection

                 

                Spotting a change at a minimum means recognizing if a hash of the file has altered. A sturdier FIM solution can look at numerous traits pertaining to a file besides the hash. All of this supplementary metadata offers superior insight of the true nature of the change. For instance, changing the owner of a file does not change its contents, which implies that the hash would remain the same. Nevertheless, a more sophisticated FIM lets you comprehend if the file’s owner has been changed.

                 

                5. Multi-Level Logging and Simplified Reporting

                 

                Conventional file integrity monitoring solutions generally operate on each individual machine, with contemporary tools providing a cohesive view of all changes across the network. This lets you manage all of the servers in a single view. Another aspect to look for in an FIM solution is advanced reporting of rollup information. Preferably, your FIM tool should have a sophisticated dashboard that lets you assess the state of your infrastructure at an unconventional level and subsequently drill down volumes of change data into actionable information.

                 

                6. Simplified Rule Configuration

                 

                Your file integrity monitoring solution ought to have a system to easily define monitoring guidelines for a server or device. It should also have a mechanism to duplicate those rules to many devices across your infrastructure.

                 

                7. Real-Time Monitoring

                 

                This feature protects the integrity of your IT infrastructure by comparing misconfigurations in real time against your internal standards or outside policies for compliance and security best practices.

                TAGS

                • File Integrity Monitoring
                • FIM
                • FIM Solution
                • Prolonged Perimeter Protection
                • Smarter Change Detection

                Recent Blogs

                Share this article

                Ready to Get Started?

                Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

                  By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

                  Cybersecurity-Weekly-News-Roundup
                  Posted in Cyber Security

                  Dealing with cyber-threat: a complex challenge

                  Latest Blogs

                  Cybersecurity Weekly News Roundup for First Week of Jan 2021

                  By AMSAT Jan 01,2021

                  Dealing with cyber-threat: a complex challenge

                  The outgoing week saw a handful of incidents with far-reaching effects on the
                  cybersecurity landscape. From the Russian attackers compromising Microsoft
                  cloud customers to Vietnam being targeted in a supply chain attack to Wasabi
                  cloud storage service knocked offline for hosting, the world of cybersecurity was
                  rocked by multiple events perpetrated by malicious threat actors.

                  Here is the review of the stories that made headlines in the outgoing week.  

                   

                  SolarWinds hackers accessed Microsoft source code

                  On Thursday, Microsoft recognized that hackers who organized a huge hack of government and private computer networks gained access to its internal “source code,” a vital element for its software. The tech giant attributed the attack to Russian-led hackers.

                   

                  Russian hackers compromised Microsoft cloud customers through third party

                   

                  Russian government hackers compromised Microsoft cloud customers and stole emails from at least one private-sector company. People familiar with the matter said that it was a disturbing development in Moscow’s continuing cyberespionage campaign targeting several U.S. agencies and corporate computer networks.

                   

                  Vietnam targeted in complex supply chain attack

                  A group of cagy hackers perpetrated an ingenious supply chain attack against Vietnamese private companies and government agencies by inserting malware inside an official government software toolkit.

                  Wasabi cloud storage service knocked offline for hosting malware

                  Cloud storage provider Wasabi suffered an outage after a domain used for storage endpoints was suspended for hosting malware.

                  TAGS

                  • Cybersecurity News Roundup

                  • Security Updates
                  • SolarWinds
                  • Russian hackers

                  Recent Blogs

                  Share this article

                  Ready to Get Started?

                  Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

                    By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

                    An-Insight-into-File-Integrity-Monitoring-and-Its-Functionality
                    Posted in Integrity Monitoring

                    An Insight into File Integrity Monitoring and Its Functionality

                    Latest Blogs

                    An-Insight-into-File-Integrity-Monitoring-and-Its-Functionality

                    By AMSAT Aug 28,2020

                    An Insight into File Integrity Monitoring and Its Functionality

                    File Integrity Monitoring, of FIM, is, doubtlessly, an
                    extremely important layer of security in any network that merits protection. FIM,
                    which is required by data security standards and recommended by auditors and
                    security experts worldwide, oversees important system files and operates system
                    components and even network devices for unlawful changes.

                    By adjusting ePOS terminals, operating system host files or critical applications, malevolent parties can steal sensitive information, such as payment information from networks for their own advantage. FIM seeks to prevent the outcome of such hacks by warning administrators to unlawful changes in the network.

                     

                    How FIM actually works

                    Once executed, the FIM software will begin to oversee any alterations that are made to your files, systems, logs, settings, etc. It detects when, how, and by whom the changes are made and compares them with the reference point. The organizations can install the predictable changes to decrease false alerts. A majority of the FIM software are able to detect DDoS attacks, phishing attacks, unlawful system access, data theft, malware or ransomware injections, and insider fears.

                    A business website has scores of code files on the directory. Although the management understands that an attacker has injected malware in the website, it’s hard to trace malicious injections amongst thousands of lines of codes. FIM software is able to spot the exact file and codes that have been tainted, which makes the recovery process all the much swifter and easier. For WordPress sites, it can also monitor wp-config.php and .htaccess files.

                    Challenges with FIM

                    Some of the critical problems associated with FIM include:

                     

                    Hash-based File Integrity Checking

                     

                    This scans key files on systems on a regular schedule and warns admins about spotted changes by comparing the hash to the preceding version. The substitute to this is you need to plan this task to run as per a definite time interval. Nevertheless, this way you miss out on all the times the checking is under way. In addition, this technique is most appropriate for authentic file changes—not file access and reads.

                    Real-time File Integrity Checking

                    The actual file auditing procedure that captures real-time file access and alters within file audit events. By evaluating these events in real-time, you are able to get information on not just file changes, but also all the file read, write, and create events. The problem with this method is coping with a huge volume of events to locate the violation you are looking for.

                     

                    In Windows systems, FIM can be executed by collecting file audit events from a particular file, folder, or a whole system and evaluating the event logs to see file-change characteristics. This is easier said than done. One challenge with allowing native Windows file reviewing and using Windows Event Viewer to spot file changes is you end up getting several events (mostly false-positives) and combing all of them to find the precise event that exposes a breach. Another challenge is learning the exact event ID to identify a violation.

                     

                    You need to spend more time and effort finding these event IDs and find a way to remove all the noise and superfluous events created in the file auditing process.

                    TAGS

                    • Cybersecurity
                    • FileIntegrity Monitoring
                    • FIM

                    Recent Blogs

                    Share this article

                    Ready to Get Started?

                    Our specialists are ready to tailor our security service solutions to fit the needs of your organization.

                      By submitting the form, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy